Adult urology

Adult Urology

Adult urology

These diseases affect very specific parts of the body. In females,they involve the urinary tract.In males they affect the urinary tract and/or the reproductive organs.
Overviews of Some of the Most Common Urologic Diseases.
There are many urologic disorders and diseases.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. It is an increase in the size of the prostate gland. BPH is very common in older men.It is not caused by prostate cancer.
The symptoms of BPH are due to the pressure that a larger prostate can place on the urethra. The urethra is the narrow tube that carries urine from the bladder and out of the body.
Men with BPH may experience a frequent urge to urinate. They may also have a weak stream of urine when they do go and a feeling that the bladder is not empty after urination. Your doctor may choose to just monitor this condition or prescribe medications like alpha-blockers for treatment.It may also be addressed through surgery if it is severe.


Incontinence is a loss of bladder control.It results in the unwanted release of urine. This condition can be inconvenient and embarrassing for sufferers.However,it is far from uncommon. There are numerous things that can cause incontinence.
A few of the most common causes include:
  • diabetes
  • pregnancy or childbirth
  • overactive bladder
  • enlarged prostate
  • weak bladder muscles
  • weak sphincter muscles (muscles supporting the urethra)
  • urinary tract infections
  • diseases including Parkinsons and multiple sclerosis
  • injury to the spinal cord
  • constipation

In some cases,simple measures such as controlling fluid intake can be enough to address the problem. If these approaches prove ineffective,your doctor may suggest surgery to correct the underlying cause.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

UTIs are the result of undesirable yeast,bacteria or viruses that invade the urinary tract and cause infection. They are much more common in women,although men can get them too. A burning sensation during urination is one of the symptoms of a UTI. Others include a frequent urge to urinate and the feeling that the bladder is not completely empty after urinating. Antibiotics can usually clear up most UTIs within a few days.

Kidney and Ureteral Stones

Stones develop in the kidneys when there are crystals in the urine and small particles surround and collect on these crystals. Ureteral stones are ones that move from the kidney into the ureter (the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder). they are very common in this part of the world
These stones can block urine flow and cause a considerable amount of pain. Many people end up expelling these stones from the body without medical help,but this is not always the case.
Surgery may be needed in most instances. intracorporeal lithotripsy is the most commonly used technique.

Other Common Urological Conditions

Some other common urological conditions include:
  • prostate cancer
  • bladder cancer
  • bladder prolapse
  • hematuria (blood in the urine)
  • erectile dysfunction
  • interstitial cystitis (also called painful bladder syndrome)
  • overactive bladder
  • prostatitis (swelling of the prostate gland)
  • early detection of urological cancer (cancer of bladder,prostate and kidney ) is possible with minimal investigations Early detection goes in a long way for cure of these diseases

Tips to Improve Your Overall Urological Health

General Guidelines

  • Stay hydrated
  • Drink cranberry juice to help prevent urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Limit the amount of salt and caffeine you consume
  • Stay within a healthy weight range
  • Choose a smoke-free lifestyle
  • Choose alcohol free lifestyle
  • Strengthen the muscles of the pelvic area with Kegel exercises

Tips for Parents

  • Encourage children to urinate immediately before bed
  • Limit fluid intake in the nighttime hours
  • Purchase athletic cups for young boys to help prevent injury in this sensitive area
  • Instruct young girls that they should use a front-to-back motion to wipe the genital area after going to the washroom

It is vital to remember that you are the best advocate for your own urological health. The responsibility lies with you to schedule regular checkups with a urologist if indicated and make an appointment if you feel there may be a problem.

Prostate Hypertrophy

  • Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
  • Simple Prostatectomy
  • Transurethral Needle Ablation of the Prostate (TUNA)
  • Transurethral Resection of the Prostate

Cancert,Adrenals,Kidney and Ureter

  • Urothelial Tumors of the Renal Pelvis and Ureters

Cancer,Bladder,Penisand Urethra

  • Bacillus Calmette-Gu?rin Immunotherapy for Bladder Cancer
  • Bladder Cancer
  • Cystoscopy
  • Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors
  • Partial Cystectomy
  • Penile Cancer
  • Radical Cystectomy
  • Surveillance for Recurrent Bladder Cancer
  • Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumors
  • Treatment of Carcinoma In Situ
  • Urethral Cancer
  • Urine Tumor Markers in Bladder Cancer Diagnosis


  • Metastatic and Advanced Prostate Cancer
  • Neoadjuvant Androgen Deprivation Therapy in Prostate Cancer
  • Precancerous Lesions of the Prostate
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer and Nutrition
  • Prostate Cancer Diagnosis and Staging


  • Leydig Cell Tumors
  • Nonseminomatous Testicular Tumors
  • Partial Orchiectomy
  • Radical Orchiectomy
  • Testicular Cancer
  • Testicular Choriocarcinoma
  • Testicular Seminoma

Cancer,Wilms Tumor and Neuroblastoma

  • Neuroblastoma
  • Surgery for Wilms Tumor

Common Problems Of The Penis

  • Balanitis
  • Balanitis Circumscripta Plasmacellularis
  • Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans
  • Balanoposthitis
  • Dorsal Slit of the Foreskin
  • Paraphimosis
  • Pearly Penile Papules
  • Peyronie Disease
  • Phimosis,Adult Circumcision,and Buried Penis
  • Priapism

Common Problems Of The Testicle

  • Cryptorchidism
  • Epididymitis
  • Epididymo-orchitis Empiric Therapy
  • Epididymo-orchitis Organism-Specific Therapy
  • Hydrocele
  • Manual Detorsion of the Testes
  • Spermatocele
  • Testicular Torsion
  • Torsion of the Appendices and Epididymis
  • Varicocele

Common Problems Of The Urethra

  • Urethral Caruncle
  • Urethral Diverticula
  • Urethral Prolapse
  • Urethral Syndrome
  • Urethral Warts
  • Urethritis
  • Urethritis Empiric Therapy
  • Urethritis Organism-Specific Therapy

Congenital Urologic Conditions

  • Cystic Diseases of the Kidney
  • Horseshoe Kidney
  • Prune Belly Syndrome

Dermatological Disorders

  • Malignant Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia
  • Nonmalignant Dermatologic Diseases of the Male Genitalia

Erectile Dysfunction,Premature Ejaculation and Sexual Disorders

  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Hematospermia
  • Premature Ejaculation


  • Enterovesical Fistula
  • Renoalimentary Fistula
  • Vesicovaginal and Ureterovaginal Fistula
  • Vesicovaginal Fistula

Hydronephrosis and Ureter Disorders

  • Hydronephrosis and Hydroureter
  • Megaureter and Other Congenital Ureteral Anomalies
  • Obstructed Megaureter
  • Retroperitoneal Fibrosis
  • Ureterocele
  • Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction
  • Urinary Tract Obstruction
  • Vesicoureteral Reflux


  • Cystoscopy and Urethroscopy in the Assessment of Urinary Incontinence
  • Urinary Incontinence
  • Urinary Incontinence Relevant Anatomy
  • Urodynamic Studies for Urinary Incontinence

Infections and Related Inflammotory Conditions

  • Acute Bacterial Prostatitis
  • Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis
  • Chronic Pelvic Pain in Men
  • Cystitis in Females
  • Emphysematous Pyelonephritis
  • Emphysematous Pyelonephritis (EPN)
  • Fournier Gangrene
  • Gonorrhea
  • Hemorrhagic Cystitis
  • Lymphogranuloma Venereum
  • Nonbacterial and Noninfectious Cystitis
  • Nonbacterial Prostatitis
  • Orchitis
  • Papillary Necrosis
  • Perinephric Abscess
  • Pyonephrosis
  • Radiation Cystitis
  • Renal Corticomedullary Abscess
  • Syphilis
  • Trigonitis
  • Tuberculosis of the Genitourinary System
  • Ureaplasma Infection
  • Uric Acid Nephropathy
  • Urinary Tract Infection in Males
  • Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnancy
  • Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis

Interstitial Cystitis

  • Interstitial Cystitis

Male Infertility

  • Male Infertility
  • Sertoli-Cell-Only Syndrome
  • Vasovasostomy and Vasoepididymostomy

Neurogenic Bladder and Overactive Bladder

  • Neurogenic Bladder
  • Overactive Bladder
  • Overactive Bladder -Etiology,Diagnosis and Impact
  • Overactive Bladder in Children


  • Bladder Stones
  • Causes of Flank Pain
  • Cystinuria
  • Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy
  • Hypercalciuria
  • Hyperoxaluria
  • Hyperuricosuria and Gouty Diathesis
  • Hypocitraturia
  • Nephrocalcinosis
  • Nephrolithiasis
  • Pregnancy and Urolithiasis
  • Pyelolithotomy
  • Struvite and Staghorn Calculi


  • Ureteral Strictures
  • Urethral Strictures in Males


  • Adrenal Surgery
  • Augmentation Cystoplasty
  • Dorsal Penile Nerve Block
  • Laparoscopic Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection
  • Lasers in Urology
  • Nephroptosis
  • Nephrostomy
  • Nerve Block,Dorsal Penile,Neonatal
  • No Scalpel Vasectomy
  • Paraphimosis Reduction Procedures
  • Partial Nephrectomy
  • Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection
  • Penile Injection and Aspiration
  • Pyeloplasty
  • RadicalNephrectomy
  • Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection
  • Suprapubic Catheterization
  • Techniques of Local Anesthesia for Prostate Procedures and Biopsies
  • Testicle and Epididymis Anesthesia
  • Transperitoneal Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy
  • Transureteroureterostomy
  • Ureterocalicostomy
  • Ureterolithotomy
  • Ureteroscopy
  • Urethral Catheterization in Men
  • Urinary Diversions and Neobladders


  • Bladder Trauma
  • Penile Fracture and Trauma
  • Renal Trauma
  • Scrotal Trauma
  • Testicular Trauma
  • Ureteral Injury During Gynecologic Surgery
  • Ureteral Trauma
  • Urethral Trauma

Urologic Imaging

Transrectal Ultrasonography of the Prostate
  • Bladder Cancer
  • Bladder Infection
  • Impotence Erectile Dysfunction
  • Infertility Issues
  • Incontinence In Men
  • Incontinence In Women
  • Kidney Stones
  • Kidney Cancer